Göbeklitepe Archeological Site is 13 kilometres away from the northeast of Şanlıurfa town center, close to the Örencik Village. It is accepted as the world’s oldest cult structures. It is assumed as a unique holy place of the Neolithic Age. Known to be worshipping area, not a settlement, Göbeklitepe was taken to UNESCO World Heritage List in 2018 with its amazing monumental architecture.
The location was discovered in a cooperated surface research conducted by Istanbul University and Chicago University in 1963 and defined as “V52 Neolithic Settlement”. The Göbeklitepe excavations were started by Dr. Klaus Schmidt in 1995 and continued for twenty years until his death in 2014.
Göbeklitepe is the first temple that was built before city life during the times of hunter and collector humans before the age of settlement and agriculture.
Still having no answer for how it was designed 12 thousand years ago, the temple is the most important recent archeological discovery that was built 7500 years before the Egypt Pyramids and Stonehenge in England. It could remain untouched for 12 thousand years thanks to its natural environment.
Göbeklitepe is a work of a big organization and imagination, along with the fact that it is the biggest structure that old, and it is literally the zero starting point of history in many ways. There are drawings of humans, animals or abstract symbols on the obelisks inside. Other than these old carved reliefs, we can see some dimensional animal glyphs. The obelisks with hand, arm and finger motives are assumed as stylized human statues.